The Five God Dragons have existed since the year X633 at the latest, the same year that the first Mage Guild, Magia Dragon, was created. They gained the description of "gods" due to each dragon's insurmountable strength, which is rumored to equal that of Acnologia, one of the most powerful and feared beings in Earth Land. The Five God Dragons who were all raised by their mothers fled to Giltena in order to escape Acnologia, only to later figure out that their powers grew to surpass the Dragon King himself. The Dragons remain stationary unless something "big" occurs, upon which they could potentially create a calamity. Because of their hidden existence and lack of involvement in the Dragon King Festival, very few people have known of their existence.
After Elefseria's effort to subdue them by learning Dragon Slayer Magic was met with failure, he requested powerful mages from other guilds to carry out the task of sealing them away. Prior to Team Natsu's acceptance of the job, 98 failed attempts have been made over the course of at least 160 years, with only Gildarts Clive managing to return from the mission alive after being maimed by Acnologia, which caused him to realize the hopelessness of defeating them.
- The God Dragons were originally mentioned by August who claimed they blessed God Serena with power, only for God Serena to then claim that neither they nor Dragon kings exist.
- Like all adolescent Dragons, the Five God Dragons were all notably raised by their mothers before they fled to Giltena.