Dragon Slayers are a unique type of people who utilize a form of Lost Magic, Dragon Slayer Magic. Each Dragon Slayer has their own form of Magic, just like each Dragon is a master of their own element. In addition, they also have the ability to consume the element which they wield, just as long as it is not created from their own Magic. Doing so rejuvenates them and enhances their abilities. Dragon Slayers are known to possess keener senses than those of normal humans such as in smell, sight and hearing, as well as distinctive characteristics and features such as slitted pupils and noticeably sharper teeth.
Furthermore, if a Dragon Slayer manages to successfully kill a Dragon, they become stronger after bathing in their blood. However, Dragon Slayers can transform into Dragons themselves through excessive use of their Magic; the most prominent example is Acnologia, who killed nearly every single Dragon in existence, but it has always been feared as a drawback when one transformed into a Dragon, going as far as being described as "not quite a Dragon". In each case it differs if the Dragon Slayer who eventually dragonized can return to their human form, considering Acnologia and Elefseria were two Dragon Slayers who were able to obtain that ability while Irene wasn't able to obtain the answer in nearly 300+ years. The only way to prevent the Dragon Seed from permanently manifesting itself in its host's body, as it were, was for a Dragon to enter the body of a Dragon Slayer via a secret art and sleep there, creating antibodies as they do so. After enough time has passed from the point of their creation, the Dragon Slayer is almost guaranteed to never turn into a Dragon. Alternatively, the Dragonization can also be temporarily stopped by separating the Dragon Slayer Magic from its user with the use of a Separation Enchantment.
All Dragon Slayers (outside of the Fifth Generation) of an advanced "level" suffer from severe motion sickness due to the synchronization between the large gap of a human's semicircular canals and a Dragon's visual acuity. At lower "levels", this isn't much of a problem, as shown with Gajeel prior to the year X791, having rode on both the Super Mage Giant Phantom MK II and the ship to Tenrou Island with ease. However, after three months of intense training, he, too, became vulnerable to motion sickness, having trouble running on a chain of vehicles during the Chariot event. Unless the vehicle is specially designed to accommodate Dragon Slayers, or if they believe the transportation is more of an ally than a vehicle, they will almost definitely experience motion sickness.
There are five generations of Dragon Slayers, and each generation of Dragon Slayers differ by how the Dragon Slayer Magic is obtained.
The First Generation Dragon Slayers were the original Dragon Slayers, who learnt their Dragon Slayer Magic from an actual Dragon. In most cases, the particular Dragon Slayer’s teacher was also their foster parent.
Those from the second generation of Dragon Slayers have had Dragon Lacrima implanted into their bodies, granting them the ability to use Dragon Slayer Magic. Because they were not taught their abilities by a Dragon, they are considered artificial Dragon Slayers.
Dragon Slayers heralding from this generation have both been taught their Magic by actual Dragons and have had their bodies implanted with Dragon Lacrima.
Dragon Slayers of this origin are artificial beings created from Dragon Lacrima or pure magic power, giving them immense durability, speed, power. As automatons, they are capable of fighting indefinitely until their source of power is destroyed.
Dragon Slayers of this generation are those that gain their powers by devouring Dragon flesh or cannibalism of other Dragon Slayers, which in turn gain the Magic Power of the devoured. They are alternatively known as Dragon Eaters (ドラゴンイーター Doragon Ītā). According to Madmole, Fifth Generation Dragon Slayers also do not succumb to motion sickness compared to the earlier generations.